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Multi-sensory training and wrist fractures: a randomized, controlled trial
Baldursdottir B, Whitney SL, Ramel A, Jonsson PV, Mogensen B, Petersen H, Kristinsdottir EK
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research 2019 Feb 11:Epub ahead of print
clinical trial
6/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: Yes; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: Yes; Adequate follow-up: No; Intention-to-treat analysis: No; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*

BACKGROUND: Asymmetric vestibular function, decreased plantar sensation, postural control and functional ability have been associated with fall-related wrist fractures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether multi-sensory training (MST) improves postural control, vestibular function, foot sensation and functional ability among people with fall-related wrist fractures compared to wrist stabilization training (WT). METHODS: This was an assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Ninety-eight participants, age 50 to 75 years, were randomized to MST or WT. Pre- and post-training measurements: Head Shake Test (HST), Video-Head Impulse Test (vHIT), Semmes-Weinstein Monofilaments (SWF), Biothesiometer (BT), Sensory Organization Test (SOT), 10-m Walk Test (10MWT), Five Times Sit to Stand Test (FTSTS), Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) and Dizziness Handicap Inventory Scales (DHI). The training period was 12 weeks, with six supervised sessions by a physical therapist and daily home exercises for both groups. RESULTS: There were significant endpoint differences in SOT (p = 0.01) between the two groups, in favor of the MST group, but no changes were seen in other outcome variables. Subgroup analysis with participants below normal baseline SOT composite scores indicated that the MST was more effective in improving 10MWT fast (p = 0.04), FTSTS (p = 0.04), SWF (p = 0.04) and SOT scores (p = 0.04) than the WT. CONCLUSIONS: MST improves postural control among people with a fall-related wrist fracture. The results further suggest that the program is more effective for those with SOT balance scores below age-related norms.

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