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|Progressive respiratory muscle training for improving trunk stability in chronic stroke survivors: a pilot randomized controlled trial|
|Lee K, Park D, Lee G|
|Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases 2019 May;28(5):1200-1211|
|6/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: Yes; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: Yes; Adequate follow-up: No; Intention-to-treat analysis: No; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*|
BACKGROUND: Stroke weakens the respiratory muscles, which in turn may influence the trunk stability; it is unclear whether the progressive respiratory muscle training (RMT) is effective in improving the trunk stability. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of progressive RMT with trunk stabilization exercise (TSE) on respiratory muscles thickness, respiratory muscle functions, and trunk stability in chronic stroke survivors. METHODS: This is a pilot randomized controlled trial. Chronic stroke survivors (n = 33) who were able to sit independently participated in the tstudy. The participants were allocated into the RMP with TSE group or the TSE group. The respiratory muscle thickness during resting and contraction were measured. Maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and forceful expiratory volume at 1 sec (FEV1) for forced expiratory muscle function and maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), peak inspiratory flow (PIF), and vital capacity (VC) for inspiratory muscle function were examined. Trunk stability was estimated by maximal velocity and path length of the center of pressure (COP) by using a balance board with sitting posture. RESULTS: The respiratory muscle thickness was significantly increased on the affected side in the RMT group than in the TSE group. The MEP, PEF, MIP, and PIF were significantly increased in the RMT group than in the TSE group; however, FEV1 and VC showed no significant differences between the 2 groups. Trunk stability for the maximal velocity of COP of extension and affected side bending was significantly increased in the RMT group than in the TSE group. In addition, the maximal path length of COP of flexion, extension, affected/less affected side bending was significantly increased in the RMT group than in the TSE group. CONCLUSIONS: RMT combined with TSE can be suggested as an effective method to improve the respiratory muscle thickness, respiratory muscle functions, and trunk stability in chronic stroke survivors as opposed to TSE only.