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Physiotherapy management of patients with chronic pelvic pain (CPP): a systematic review
Klotz SGR, Schon M, Ketels G, Lowe B, Brunahl CA
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 2019 Jun;35(6):516-532
systematic review

INTRODUCTION: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common pain condition. However, treatment remains challenging. Musculoskeletal findings are frequent; therefore physiotherapy might be helpful. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the current evidence on physiotherapy in patients with CPP (PROSPERO registration number CRD42016037516). METHODS: Six databases were searched and additional hand searches were performed. Two reviewers independently conducted the database search and selected studies using a two-step approach. The methodological quality was assessed applying the Critical Review Form Quantitative Studies. RESULTS: A total of eight studies were included. Trigger point therapy was examined in four studies; two of which were randomized controlled trials. All studies indicate a significant change in pain measurement. The other four studies evaluated the effect of biofeedback, Thiele massage, Mensendieck somatocognitive therapy and aerobic exercises, whereas the last two were tested in controlled trials. All studies showed significant improvements in pain assessment. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence currently available is sparse with methodological flaws, making it difficult to recommend a specific physiotherapy option. There is an urgent need for high-quality randomized controlled trials to identify the most effective physiotherapy management strategy for patients with CPP.

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