Use the Back button in your browser to see the other results of your search or to select another record.

Detailed Search Results

Exercise alone and exercise combined with education both prevent episodes of low back pain and related absenteeism: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) aimed at preventing back pain [with consumer summary]
Huang R, Ning J, Chuter VH, Taylor JB, Christophe D, Meng Z, Xu Y, Jiang L
British Journal of Sports Medicine 2019 Oct 31:Epub ahead of print
systematic review

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate which prevention strategies for low back pain (LBP) are most effective. DESIGN: We completed a Bayesian network meta-analysis to summarise the comparative effectiveness of LBP prevention strategies. The primary outcomes were an episode of LBP and LBP-associated work absenteeism represented as ORs with associated 95% credibility intervals (CrIs). We ranked all prevention strategies with surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) analysis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase and CENTRAL databases were searched along with manual searches of retrieved articles. We only included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that reported an episode of LBP and/or LBP-associated work absenteeism evaluating LBP prevention strategies were included. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Data were independently extracted by two investigators, and RCT quality was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. RESULTS AND SUMMARY: Forty RCTs were included. Exercise combined with education (OR 0.59, CrI 0.41 to 0.82) and exercise alone (OR 0.59, CrI 0.36 to 0.92) both prevented LBP episodes; exercise combined with education and education alone both had large areas under the curve (SUCRA 81.3 and 79.4, respectively). Additionally, exercise (OR 0.04, CrI 0.00 to 0.34) prevented LBP-associated work absenteeism, with exercise and the combination of exercise and education ranking highest (SUCRA 99.0 and 60.2, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Exercise alone and exercise combined with education can prevent episodes of LBP and LBP-related absenteeism. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO 42017056884.
Reproduced with permission from the BMJ Publishing Group.

Full text (sometimes free) may be available at these link(s):      help