Use the Back button in your browser to see the other results of your search or to select another record.

Detailed Search Results

Balance training can enhance hip fracture patients' independence in activities of daily living: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Chen X, Yang W, Wang X
Medicine 2020 Apr;99(16):e19641
systematic review

BACKGROUND: We conducted this meta-analysis to analyze the effectiveness of balance training in improving postoperative rehabilitation outcomes in hip fracture surgery patients. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, and PubMed electronic databases were searched from their inception to December 2018. We selected prospective clinical control analyses and high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) following the inclusion standards. We used Stata 12.0 to perform the meta-analysis. Where possible, the standard mean difference (SMD) with the 95% confidence interval (CI) was determined using a random effects model. RESULTS: Ten RCTs involving 955 hips (balance training = 487, control = 468) published between 2002 and 2019 were assessed for eligibility of inclusion in the meta-analysis. Balance training was shown to remarkably improve the aspects of quality of life associated with physical health (standard mean difference (SMD) 2.20; 95%CI 1.63 to 2.78, p = 0.000), a fast gait speed (SMD 1.01; 95%CI 0.25 to 1.77, p = 0.009), and balance (SMD 0.26, 95%CI 0.12 to 0.41, p = 0.000). Moreover, the balance training group showed increases in independence in activities of daily living (ADLs), performance task scores, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores compared with the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: According to the present meta-analysis, balance training improves one's independence in activities of daily living, performance tasks, lower limb strength, gait, and total physical function compared with no balance training. More high-quality RCTs with large sample sizes are required for the identification of the best balance training program after hip fracture.

Full text (sometimes free) may be available at these link(s):      help