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|Laser acupuncture alleviates symptoms and improves quality of life in women with overactive bladder: a double-blind, pilot randomized controlled trial|
|Chang Y-W, Lo T-S, Chang H-N, Shiao Y-H, Yeh Y-C|
|Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2020;(1705964):Epub|
|8/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: No; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: Yes; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: Yes; Adequate follow-up: Yes; Intention-to-treat analysis: Yes; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*|
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of laser acupuncture for the treatment of women with overactive bladder (OAB) in Taiwan. METHODS: A double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted on female patients with OAB symptoms referred from gynecologists, and subjects were divided into two groups using blocked randomization. LaserPan (RJ-Laser, Germany) was applied to seven selected acupuncture points. The subjects received laser acupuncture 3 times per week for 3 weeks, 9 sessions in total. Basic patient data, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7), and Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) scores were recorded prior to first treatment and at the end of 3rd, 6th, and 9th treatments. RESULTS: Thirty patients were enrolled, and twenty-seven patients completed all treatments in this study. The OABSS total score of the experimental group decreased significantly by 3.13 (p <= 0.001), 4.60 (p <= 0.001), and 3.79 (p <= 0.001) after 3rd, 6th, and 9th treatments, respectively, compared with that of the control group. The IIQ-7 score declined significantly from baseline by 4.57 (p = 0.003) and 3.63 (p = 0.023) after 3rd and 6th treatments, respectively, compared with that of the control group. Similarly, the UDI-6 score of the experimental group exhibited a significant decrease from baseline by 1.90 (p = 0.042) and 2.25 (p = 0.025) after 6th and 9th interventions, respectively, compared with that of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that laser acupuncture can alleviate OAB symptoms and improve quality of life. This noninvasive device could be an effective therapy for women with OAB.