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|Feasibility and safety of high-intensity interval training for the rehabilitation of geriatric inpatients (HIITERGY) a pilot randomized study|
|Pires Peixoto R, Trombert V, Poncet A, Kizlik J, Gold G, Ehret G, Trombetti A, Reny JL|
|BMC Geriatrics 2020 Jun 5;20(197):Epub|
|6/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: Yes; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: No; Adequate follow-up: No; Intention-to-treat analysis: Yes; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*|
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been shown to be more effective than moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) for the physical rehabilitation. However, data on its suitability for older hospitalized patients is scarce. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial in a hospital setting. Inclusion of 100 patients, >= 65 years old, hospitalized for rehabilitation after an acute medical condition, in a two-week rehabilitation program of either four HIIT or three MICT sessions per week. Completion was defined as participation in all but two planned sessions accomplishing >= 50% of each session. We assessed: upper-limb muscle strength (handgrip isometric strength test), lower-limb muscle strength (quadriceps and ankle flexion and extension tests); gait speed and spatio-temporal parameters (instrumented walkway), and exercise capacity (6-min walk test). All adverse events were recorded as safety endpoints. RESULTS: An intention-to-treat analysis showed a 44% completion rate for the HIIT group (95% CI 30 to 59) and 77% for MICT (95% CI 55 to 82). A modified intention-to-treat analysis restricted to patients who participated in >= 1 session showed an 88% completion rate in the HIIT group (95%CI 69 to 97) and an 80% completion rate in MICT (95%CI 65 to 90). The exercises most frequently undertaken were the pedal exerciser (54%) and the NuStep (32%). There were no significant differences in the various measures. No serious adverse events occurred. CONCLUSION: A HIIT rehabilitation program for this population was feasible, safe and had a high adherence rate. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT02318459. Trial registration date November 7th, 2014. Retrospectively registered. This study adheres to the CONSORT guidelines.