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|Comparative effects of combined physical therapy with Kinesio Taping and physical therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis [with consumer summary]|
|Lin C-H, Lee M, Lu K-Y, Chang C-H, Huang S-S, Chen C-M|
|Clinical Rehabilitation 2020 Aug;34(8):1014-1027|
OBJECTIVE: To compare therapeutic effects between physical therapy (PT) combined with Kinesio Taping (KT) and PT alone in knee osteoarthritis treatment. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Scopus, CNKI, WangFang Data, and Google Scholar were searched until 16 April 2020. REVIEW METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing pain reduction (visual analogue scale and numeric pain rating scale) and functional improvement (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index) between PT plus KT and PT in knee osteoarthritis treatment were included. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies with 546 patients were included, and their outcomes for one to six weeks after initial treatments were compared. An overall trend favoring PT plsu KT over PT alone was indicated by greater pain score reduction (mean difference (MD) -0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) -1.14 to -0.26; p = 0.002) and functional improvement (MD -5.45, 95% CI -10.23 to -0.66; p = 0.03) with the former. Significant pain reduction (MD -0.72, 95% CI -1.18 to -0.26; p = 0.002) and functional improvement (MD -6.05, 95% CI -11.18 to -0.93; p = 0.02) were reported within six weeks after initial treatments. CONCLUSION: Compared with PT alone, PT combined with KT provided better therapeutic effect regarding pain reduction and functional improvement in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The additional pain reduction and functional improvement could last at least six weeks after initial treatments.