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The effect of core exercise using online videoconferencing platform and offline-based intervention in postpartum woman with diastasis recti abdominis
Kim S, Yi D, Yim J
International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health 2022 Jun;19(12):7031
clinical trial
6/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: No; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: No; Adequate follow-up: Yes; Intention-to-treat analysis: Yes; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*

To investigate the efficacy of exercise intervention using a real-time video conferencing platform (ZOOM) on inter-recti distance, abdominal muscle thickness, static trunk endurance, and maternal quality of life, 37 women with diastasis recti between six months and one year postpartum were randomly divided into the online (n = 19) and offline (n = 18) groups. The online group underwent 40-min trunk stabilization exercise sessions twice a week for six weeks, through a real-time video conference platform, while the offline group attended the same program in person. The inter-recti distance and muscle thickness between the abdominal muscles were measured by rehabilitation ultrasound imaging, the Torso endurance test was used to compare the static trunk endurance, and the maternal quality of life questionnaire (MAPP-QOL, score) was applied. Significant improvements were observed in the inter-recti distance between the rectus abdominis, abdominal muscle thickness, static trunk endurance, and maternal quality of life in both groups (p < 0.001); a more significant improvement was observed in the offline group. No significant differences were observed between groups except for the left rectus abdominis thickness and Psychological/Baby and Relational/Spouse-Partner subscale in the maternal quality of life index (p > 0.05). Exercise interventions delivered in a real-time videoconferencing platform are effective at improving the inter-recti distance, trunk stability, and quality of life in postpartum women and may be an alternate to face-to-face intervention.

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