Use the Back button in your browser to see the other results of your search or to select another record.
|High-intensity interval training in polycystic ovary syndrome: a two-center, three-armed randomized controlled trial|
|Kiel IA, Lionett S, Parr EB, Jones H, Roset MAH, Salvesen O, Hawley JA, Vanky E, Moholdt T|
|Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2022 May;54(5):717-727|
|8/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: Yes; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: Yes; Adequate follow-up: Yes; Intention-to-treat analysis: Yes; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*|
PURPOSE: Exercise training is recommended to improve cardiometabolic health and fertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), yet there are few randomized controlled trials on the effects of different exercise protocols on clinical reproductive outcomes. Our aim was to determine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIT) on menstrual frequency, as a proxy of reproductive function, in women with PCOS. METHODS: The IMPROV-IT study was a two-center randomized controlled trial undertaken in Norway and Australia. Women with PCOS were eligible for inclusion. After stratification for body mass index < 27 or >= 27 kg/m2 and study center, participants were randomly allocated (1:1:1) to high-volume HIT (HV-HIT), low-volume HIT (LV-HIT), or a control group. Measurements were assessed at baseline, after the 16-wk exercise intervention, and at 12-month follow-up. The primary outcome was menstrual frequency after 12 months. Secondary outcomes included markers of cardiometabolic and reproductive health, quality of life, and adherence to and enjoyment of HIT. RESULTS: We randomly allocated 64 participants to the HV-HIT (n = 20), LV-HIT (n = 21), or control group (n = 23). There were no differences in menstrual frequency at 12 months between the LV-HIT and control groups (frequency ratio, 1.02; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.73 to 1.42), the HV-HIT and control groups (frequency ratio, 0.93; 95% CI 0.67 to 1.29), or the LV-HIT and HV-HIT groups (frequency ratio, 1.09; 95% CI 0.77 to 1.56). Menstrual frequency increased in all groups from baseline to 12 months. More participants became pregnant in the LV-HIT group (n = 5) than in the control group (n = 0, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: A semisupervised HIT intervention did not increase menstrual frequency in women with PCOS. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02419482.