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(Physical activity in cancer-effectiveness of exercise therapy approaches) [German]
Siebert S, Kersten J, Theurich S, Baumann FT
Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 2022 Jul;147(13):831-840
systematic review

The positive effects of oncological exercise therapy are sufficiently proven according to scientific studies. International evidence-based guidelines confirm this importance and recommend physical exercise as part of the standard therapy for cancer. The effects of physical activity on cancer-specific deficits are versatile ranging from positive impact on fatigue syndrome, mortality, incontinence, lymphoedema, CIPN, anxiety, depression to reduction of pain. According to current knowledge, sensorimotor training is recommended for the treatment of polyneuropathy. The actual effectiveness of vibration training in reducing symptom burden is undetermined. There are more than 100 randomized, controlled studies with the highest evidence rating for the management of CrF available. In this regard, exercise therapy is more effective than drug therapy in alleviating the symptomatology of CrF. In addition to the movement-therapeutic approach, a coordinated diet is necessary to avoid nutrition shortages. The evidence on physical activity in oncology must be considered not only in theory, but also in practice and be accepted as a general recommendation for oncology patients. The personalized OTT treatment concept represents a practical implementation and offers a targeted treatment option with low side effects.

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