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|Cancer-related fatigue -- clinical evaluation scales and interventions: a systematic review|
|d'Silva F, Javeth A, Singh P|
|Indian Journal of Palliative Care 2022 Jan-Mar;28(1):88-98|
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most frequent and prevalent symptoms expressed by cancer patients and cancer survivors. It is a multifactorial phenomenon that causes a direct detrimental impact on quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to identify different clinical evaluation scales and interventions available for fatigue associated with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A methodology of the systematic literature review was carried out. Two separate databases PubMed and Google Scholar searches were performed using different MeSH terms. RESULTS: A total of 2,611 research articles were screened and identified 10 unidimensional scales (four with one item scales and six with numerous item scales) and 13 multidimensional scales which are available for the screening and clinical evaluation of fatigue. Reviews have also revealed non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise, complementary therapies, nutritional and psychoeducational interventions, sleep therapy, energy therapy, bright white light, restorative therapies upcoming anthroposophical medicine, and various pharmacological agents effective in managing CRF. CONCLUSION: Clinical evaluation of fatigue and its management is crucial for improving the quality of life. Yet, more rigorous research studies with higher statistical power need to be conducted on these interventions to generate adequate evidences for managing the CRF.