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Effectiveness of exergames programme to modify body composition and health-related physical fitness in adolescents with Down syndrome after COVID-19 quarantine [with consumer summary]
Suarez-Villadat B, Sadarangani KP, Villagra A
European Journal of Sport Science 2023 May 28:Epub ahead of print
clinical trial
7/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: Yes; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: Yes; Adequate follow-up: Yes; Intention-to-treat analysis: No; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*

AIMS: to determine the effect of a 20-week exergame program on different indicators of body composition and components of health-related physical fitness in adolescents with Down syndrome. METHODS AND PROCEDURES OUTCOMES: 49 adolescents (19 female and 30 males; average age, 14.19 +/- 2.06 years) with Down syndrome were recruited and randomized to two groups (control group versus intervention group). Adolescents allocated in the control group carried out a physical activity program three times a week for 20 weeks meanwhile adolescents allocated in the exercise group performed an exergame program three times a week for 20 weeks. RESULTS: The exercise group had significant improvements in all health-related physical fitness variables and there is an improvement in some body composition variables (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: 20 week exergame program consisting of 3 sessions of 60 minutes is able to improve levels of body composition and health-related physical fitness in adolescents with Down syndrome.

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