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Motor training for young children with cerebral palsy: a single-blind randomized controlled trial [with consumer summary]
Prosser LA, Pierce SR, Skorup JA, Paremski AC, Alcott M, Bochnak M, Ruwaih N, Jawad AF
Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2023 Aug 7:Epub ahead of print
clinical trial
8/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: Yes; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: Yes; Adequate follow-up: Yes; Intention-to-treat analysis: Yes; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*

AIM: To compare the effect of iMOVE (Intensive Mobility training with Variability and Error) therapy with dose-matched conventional therapy on gross motor development and secondary outcomes in young children with cerebral palsy. METHOD: This single-blind, randomized controlled trial included repeated assessments of gross motor function (using the Gross Motor Function Measure) and secondary outcomes during a 12- to 24-week intervention phase and at three follow-up points after treatment. Treatment was delivered three times per week in both groups. Forty-two children aged 12 to 36 months were stratified by age and motor function to ensure equivalence between groups at baseline. RESULTS: Thirty-six children completed treatment and follow-up phases. Treatment fidelity was high and adherence was equivalent between groups (77.3% conventional therapy, 76.2% iMOVE). There were no group differences on the primary (gross motor function after 12 weeks p = 0.18; after 24 weeks p = 0.94) or any secondary (postural control p = 0.88, caregiver satisfaction p = 0.52, child engagement p = 0.98) measure after treatment or at the follow-up points. However, one-third of total participants exceeded predicted change after 12 weeks and 77% exceeded predicted change after 24 weeks of treatment. INTERPRETATION: Our observations indicate a potential dose-response effect of rehabilitation therapy. We further demonstrated that individual therapeutic ingredients can be manipulated. When delivered consistently, both iMOVE and conventional therapy interventions might both be more effective than standard care.

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