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Effect of resistance training on body composition, hemodynamic parameters and exercise tolerance among patients with coronary artery disease: a systematic review
Sharma A, Sharma N, Vats S, Jain M, Chahal A, Kashoo FZ, Hakamy A, Alajam RA, Alshehri MM, Bharath K, M, Sanjeevi RR, Alwadaani F, Shaphe MA
Healthcare 2022 Dec;11(1):131
systematic review

BACKGROUND: Effectiveness and safety of resistance training in treating various cerebrovascular disease diagnoses have drawn attention in recent years. Patients suffering with coronary artery disease should be offered individually tailored resistance training in their exercise regimen. Resistance training was developed to help individuals with their functional status, mobility, physical performance, and muscle strength. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to collect, summarize and present information on the state of science focusing on usefulness, viability, safety and efficacy of resistance training in treating coronary artery disease and enhancing the aerobic capacity and improving overall health-related quality of life. METHODS: The review is prepared in accordance with preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analyses guidelines. Searches were conducted in the Cochrane Library, PubMed/Medline, PEDro and Scopus database. PEDro scale was used for methodological quality assessment of included studies. Two independent reviewers determined the inclusion criteria of studies by classifying interventions based on core components, outcome measures, diagnostic population and rated the quality of evidence and strength of recommendations using GRADE criteria. RESULTS: Total 13 studies with 1025 patients were included for the detailed analysis. Findings emphasize the importance of assessing effectiveness and safety of resistance training in individuals with coronary artery disease. Patient specific designed exercise programs as resistance training targets at enhancing patients' exercise tolerance, improves hemodynamic response and muscular strength with reduction in body fat composition. CONCLUSION: Resistance training is an effective exercise that should be incorporated to counteract the loss of muscle strength, muscle mass, and physiological vulnerability, as well as to combat the associated debilitating effects on physical functioning, mobility and overall independence and quality of life during rehabilitation of patients with coronary artery disease.

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