Use the Back button in your browser to see the other results of your search or to select another record.

Detailed Search Results

Effect of remotely supervised weight loss and exercise training versus lifestyle counseling on cardiovascular risk and clinical outcomes in older adults with rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial [with consumer summary]
Andonian BJ, Ross LM, Sudnick AM, Johnson JL, Pieper CF, Belski KB, Counts JD, King AP, Wallis JT, Bennett WC, Gillespie JC, Moertl KM, Richard D, Huebner JL, Connelly MA, Siegler IC, Kraus WE, Bales CW, Porter Starr KN, Huffman KM
ACR Open Rheumatology 2024 Mar;6(3):124-136
clinical trial
6/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: No; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: No; Adequate follow-up: Yes; Intention-to-treat analysis: Yes; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*

OBJECTIVE: To compare a remotely supervised weight loss and exercise intervention to lifestyle counseling for effects on cardiovascular disease risk, disease activity, and patient-reported outcomes in older patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and overweight/obesity. METHODS: Twenty older (60 to 80 years), previously sedentary participants with seropositive RA and overweight/obesity were randomized to 16 weeks of either Supervised Weight loss and Exercise Training (SWET) or Counseling Health As Treatment (CHAT). The SWET group completed aerobic training (150 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous intensity), resistance training (two days/week), and a hypocaloric diet (7% weight loss goal). The CHAT control group completed two lifestyle counseling sessions followed by monthly check-ins. The primary outcome was a composite metabolic syndrome z-score (MSSc) derived from fasting glucose, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, minimal waist circumference, and mean arterial pressure. Secondary outcomes included RA disease activity and patient-reported outcomes. RESULTS: Both groups improved MSSc (absolute change -1.67 +/- 0.64 in SWET; -1.34 +/- 1.30 in CHAT; p < 0.01 for both groups) with no between-group difference. Compared with CHAT, SWET significantly improved body weight, fat mass, Disease Activity Score-28 C-reactive protein, and patient-reported physical health, physical function, mental health, and fatigue (p < 0.04 for all between-group comparisons). Based on canonical correlations for fat mass, cardiorespiratory fitness, and leg strength, component-specific effects were strongest for (1) weight loss improving MSSc, physical health, and mental health; (2) aerobic training improving physical function and fatigue; and (3) resistance training improving Disease Activity Score-28 C-reactive protein. CONCLUSION: In older patients with RA and overweight/obesity, 16 weeks of remotely supervised weight loss, aerobic training, and resistance training improve cardiometabolic health, patient-reported outcomes, and disease activity. Less intensive lifestyle counseling similarly improves cardiovascular disease risk profiles, suggesting an important role for integrative interventions in the routine clinical care of this at-risk RA population.

Full text (sometimes free) may be available at these link(s):      help