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Effects of chair-based resistance band exercise on physical functioning, sleep quality, and depression of older adults in long-term care facilities: systematic review and meta-analysis [with consumer summary]
Efendi F, Tonapa SI, Has EMM, Ho KHM
International Journal of Nursing Sciences 2023 Dec;10(1):72-81
systematic review

OBJECTIVE: Chair-based resistance band exercise (CRBE) is a simple and safe physical activity for persons with limited mobility. This study aimed to review and analyze CRBE effects on physical functioning, sleep quality, and depression among older adults in long-term care facilities (LTCF). METHODS: A systematic search guided by the PRISMA 2020 approach was performed on specific databases: AgeLine, CINAHL, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Web of Science. The randomized controlled trial studies that trialed CRBE for older adults in LTCF, peer-reviewed articles published in the English language from inception to March 2022 were retrieved. Methodological quality was established using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. The random and fixed effects model were used to generate the pooled effect size. RESULTS: Nine studies met the eligibility criteria and were synthesized. The results revealed that CRBE significantly promoted the activity of daily living (six studies; SMD 0.30, p = 0.001), lung capacity (three studies; MD 40.35, p < 0.001), handgrip strength (five studies; MD 2.17, p < 0.001), upper limb muscle endurance (five studies; MD 2.23, p = 0.012), lower limb muscle endurance (four studies; MD 1.32, p < 0.001), upper body flexibility (four studies; MD 3.06, p = 0.022), lower body flexibility (four studies, MD 5.34, p < 0.001), dynamic balance (three studies, MD -0.35, p = 0.011), sleep quality (two studies, MD -1.71, p < 0.001), and reduced depression (two studies, SMD -0.33, p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: The evidence suggests that CRBE improved physical functioning parameters, and sleep quality, and lowers depression among older adults in LTCF. This study could be used to persuade long-term care facilities to allow people with limited mobility to engage in physical activity.

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