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A comparison of behavioral and educational interventions for fibromyalgia
Nicassio PM, Radojevic V, Weisman MH, Schuman C, Kim J, Schoenfeld-Smith K, Krall T
The Journal of Rheumatology 1997 Oct;24(10):2000-2007
clinical trial
5/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: No; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: Yes; Adequate follow-up: No; Intention-to-treat analysis: No; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*

OBJECTIVE: To compare a comprehensive behavioral intervention with an education/control condition in the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia (FM), and to explore the role of mediators of clinical improvement in both groups. METHODS: The effects of the behavioral and education/control interventions were evaluated across a 10 week treatment period and at 6 month followup on measures of pain, depression, disability, pain behaviors, and intervening variables. The behavioral intervention focused on the development of diverse pain coping skills, while the education/control condition presented information on a range of health related topic without emphasizing skill acquisition. RESULTS: Although improvement across time was found in depression, self-reported pain behaviors, observed pain behaviors, and myalgia scores, no differences in these criteria were found between the behavioral and education/control conditions. Multiple regression analyses revealed that changes in helplessness and passive coping were associated with improvement in a number of clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: The findings illustrate the value of psychoeducational interventions in decreasing the psychological and behavioral effect of FM, and the value of reducing dysfunctional coping and helplessness in future intervention research.

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