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Efeito do exercicio fisico em condicoes osteomioarticulares: revisao de literatura (Effects of the physical exercise on main joint, bone and muscle pathological conditions: a review) [Portuguese]
Miculis CP, Pereira E F, Cieslak F, Hernandez SG, Goes SM, Israel VL
Fisioterapia em Movimento [Physical Therapy in Movement] 2009 Oct-Dec;22(4):575-584
systematic review

INTRODUCTION: The physical exercise has been substantially presented in the literature as a therapeutic and preventive action in a number of pathological processes, including muscle diseases. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a review on the recent literature searching for the favor effects of the physical exercise on the main joint, bone and muscle pathological conditions in adults of 45 years-old or older. METHODOLOGY: A search on public data basis in internet was conducted in Medline/PubMed, SciELO, Scopus, EBSCOhost, between 2000 and 2008, articles that embrace joint and muscle diseases and exercise, focusing on stretching exercises, were selected. As search descriptors were used the following terms: osteoporosis; low-back pain; osteoarthritis; arthritis rheumathoid; fibromyalgia; stretching; and exercise. It was found 69 articles, and 43 were analyzed. RESULTS: It was observed that physical exercise showed many benefits on joint, bone and muscle conditions as seen by improvements in health status, pain, anxiety level, depression symptoms, sleep quality and functional performance. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, physical activity on a regular basis is indicated to improve joint, bone and muscle symptoms as well to improve functional fitness, possibly proportioning a favorable alteration on the quality of life of these individuals with these conditions.

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