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|Effectiveness of physical therapy for pregnancy-related low back and/or pelvic pain after delivery: a systematic review|
|Ferreira CWS, Alburquerque-Sendi N F|
|Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 2013;29(6):419-431|
The aim of this work was to investigate the effectiveness of physical therapy for the treatment of low back pain (LBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) related to pregnancy after delivery. A systematic review of studies published since 1985 in the databases Medline, PEDro, SciELO, Scopus, LILACS, and the Cochrane Library was made. Studies that focused on postpartum LBP or PGP, without being related to pregnancy or in other non-pregnant patients, were excluded, as were papers addressing LBP or PGP indicating radiculopathy, rheumatism, or any other serious disease or pathologic condition. In accordance with the exclusion criteria and duplicate articles, of the 105 articles retrieved only six were considered for quality assessment with the PEDro scale. Among these six papers, two were follow-ups, such that only four trials were included in this review. All trials used exercise for motor control and stability of the lumbopelvic region, but with different intervention approaches. The study affording the best evidence used individual guidance and adjustments given by the physiotherapists. Nevertheless, this systematic review was inconclusive and showed that more randomized clinical trials, with good quality, are needed.