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Ottawa Panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for structured physical activity in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Cavallo S, Brosseau L, Toupin-April K, Wells GA, Smith CA, Pugh AG, Stinson J, Thomas R, Ahmed S, Duffy CM, Rahman P, Alvarez-Gallardo IC, Loew L, de Angelis G, Feldman DE, Majnemer A, Gagnon IJ, Maltais D, Mathieu ME, Kenny GP, Tupper S, Whitney-Mahoney K, Bigford S [Ottawa Panel]
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 May;98(5):1018-1041
practice guideline

OBJECTIVE: To create guidelines focused on the use of structured physical activity (PA) in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline (OVID), Embase (OVID), and Physiotherapy Evidence Database for all studies related to PA programs for JIA from January 1966 until December 2014, and was updated in May 2015. STUDY SELECTION: Study selection was completed independently by 2 reviewers. Studies were included if they involved individuals aged <= 21 years diagnosed with JIA who were taking part in therapeutic exercise or other PA interventions for which effects of various disease-related outcomes were compared with a control group (eg, no PA program or activity of lower intensity). DATA EXTRACTION: Two reviewers independently extracted information on interventions, comparators, outcomes, time period, and study design. The statistical analysis was reported using the Cochrane Collaboration methods. The quality of the included studies was assessed according to the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. DATA SYNTHESIS: Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) fit the selection criteria; of these, 4 were high-quality RCTs. The following recommendations were developed: (1) Pilates for improving quality of life, pain, functional ability, and range of motion (ROM) (GRADE A); (2) home exercise program for improving quality of life and functional ability (GRADE A); (3) aquatic aerobic fitness for decreasing the number of active joints (GRADE A); and (4) and cardio-karate aerobic exercise for improving ROM and number of active joints (GRADE C+). CONCLUSIONS: The Ottawa Panel recommends the following structured exercises and physical activities for the management of JIA: Pilates, cardio-karate, home and aquatic exercises. Pilates showed improvement in a higher number of outcomes.

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