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Effects of verbal knee alignment instructions on knee kinematics, kinetics and the performance of a single-leg jump in female adolescent soccer players
Grooten WJA, Karlefur O, Conradsson D
European Journal of Physiotherapy 2020;22(2):106-114
clinical trial
5/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: No; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: No; Adequate follow-up: Yes; Intention-to-treat analysis: No; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of verbal instructions on the technique and performance of sports-related tasks. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the acute effects of knee alignment instructions on knee kinematics and the performance of a single-leg jump in female adolescent soccer players. METHOD(S): Twenty-eight adolescent female soccer players completed three blocks of 15 single-leg jumps. The participants were randomised to an experimental group receiving verbal instructions focussing on proper knee alignment (the avoidance of knee valgus) or to a control group only receiving instructions on task execution. Outcomes were knee kinematics (flexion and valgus angles) and jump performance (number of incorrect trials and contact time). RESULT(S): The experimental group demonstrated 36% less knee valgus and 11 to 13% greater knee flexion compared to the control group. While jump performance remained unchanged in the experimental group over the course of the experiment, the control group demonstrated a 20% decrease in the number of incorrect trials and a 25% reduction in contact time over the course of the experiment. CONCLUSION(S): The present results indicate that verbal instructions accentuating proper knee alignment benefit knee kinematics but not jump performance in adolescent female soccer athletes.

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