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The effectiveness of social media and in-person interventions for low back pain conditions in nursing personnel (SMILE)
Kazemi SS, Tavafian SS, Hiller CE, Hidarnia A, Montazeri A
Nursing Open 2021 May;8(3):1220-1231
clinical trial
5/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: Yes; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: No; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: No; Adequate follow-up: No; Intention-to-treat analysis: No; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*

AIM: To compare two educational approaches to reduce low back pain in nurses. DESIGN: A community randomized controlled clinical trial. METHODS: Data were collected with two interventions and a control arm between August 2018 and January 2019. Participants were recruited from three hospitals. Hospital 1 received an in-person educational programme, Hospital 2 received via the website and Hospital 3 received nothing. Statistical analysis was carried out with a follow-up of 3 and 6 months. RESULTS: A total of 180 female nurses with low back pain participated in the study. Dimensions of the quality of life improved over 3 and 6 months, pain and disability decreased over 3 months in both intervention groups and over 6 months in the social media group. CONCLUSION: Two educational approaches can be effective in decreasing pain, disability and improving quality of life. However, the findings suggest that the social media approach was more successful over the long-term and might be a better way to present the programme.

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