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Motivational interviewing and return to work for people with musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic mapping review
Aanesen F, Berg R, Lochting I, Tingulstad A, Eik H, Storheim K, Grotle M, Oiestad BE
Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation 2021 Mar;31(1):63-71
systematic review

PURPOSE: There is limited knowledge about motivational interviewing (MI) for people on sick leave with musculoskeletal disorders. Hence, our objective was to investigate what research on MI as a method to facilitate return to work for individuals who are on sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders exists, and what are the results of the research? METHODS: We systematically searched Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Web of Science, Sociological Abstracts, Epistemonikos, SveMed plus and DARE and HTA (covering 1983 to August 2019). We also searched the MINT bulletin and relevant web pages. Eligibility criteria: empirical studies investigating MI and return to work for people with musculoskeletal disorders. Two authors independently screened the records, critically appraised the studies and charted the data using a data extraction form. RESULTS: The searches identified 1264 records of which two studies were included. One randomized controlled trial (RCT) found no effect of MI on return to work for disability pensioner with back pain (n = 89, high risk of bias), while a cluster RCT found that MI increased return to work for claimants with chronic musculoskeletal disorders (n = 728, low risk of bias). CONCLUSIONS: This mapping review identified a huge gap in research on MI to increase return to work for individuals with musculoskeletal disorders. REGISTRATION: Current Research Information System in Norway, project ID 635823 (

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