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|Effectiveness of conservative treatment according to severity and systemic disease in carpal tunnel syndrome: a systematic review|
|Hernandez-Secorun M, Montana-Cortes R, Hidalgo-Garcia C, Rodriguez-Sanz J, Corral-de-Toro J, Monti-Ballano S, Hamam-Alcober S, Tricas-Moreno JM, Lucha-Lopez MO|
|International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health 2021 Mar;18(5):2365|
(1) BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral neuropathy in the upper extremity. Conservative treatment has been effective for mild and moderate idiopathic CTS. However, severe CTS and systemic conditions were an exclusion criterion from the studies. The aim of this study is to review the effectiveness of conservative treatment in patients with CTS regardless of the level of severity and the presence or not of systemic diseases in the last ten years. (2) METHODS: Randomized controlled clinical trials that compared the effect of conservative treatment on the Boston questionnaire and pain were selected. PubMed, PEDro, Scopus, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases were used. PRISMA statement checklist was performed. (3) RESULTS: 876 studies were recorded, 29 were selected. Pharmacology, Electrotherapy and Manual Therapy had benefits for CTS. Electrotherapy and manual therapy could be effective for severe CTS patients with a systemic condition in the short term, but there was a low percentage of these patients included in the studies. (4) CONCLUSION: Some pharmacological treatments, manual therapy and electrotherapy have shown benefits for handling CTS, although the most effective combination of techniques is unknown. It would be necessary to include patients with systemic conditions in the selection criteria for future studies.